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Lead Inspector's Notebook Local Law 122 Local Law 123 New York City Local Law 31

New York City’s Local Law 31 & Lead Testing Laws: A Simplified Guide for Property Owners

Local Law 31: What You Need To Knowlocal law 31

Lead paint poses significant health risks, especially to young children. Recognizing this, New York City has enacted stringent laws, complete with hefty fines for non-compliance. For owners of multifamily properties, it’s crucial to prioritize lead testing and remediation, especially in light of recent regulatory updates. To help you navigate these complex requirements, we have prepared a concise guide which outlines complex legislation into key actions and critical deadlines. This guide is tailored to ensure you remain compliant and safeguard the health of your tenants.

NYC lead lawImmediate Actions for Testing with Children Involved

Children Under the Age of Six: Dwellings with children under six must be inspected within one year of their residency under Local Law 31. Additionally, units in buildings constructed before 1960 that host children for over 10 hours weekly require testing, regardless of residency status.

Local law 122Deadlines to Note

Local Law 31 and Local Law 122 – Lead Testing Requirements

  • By August 2025, all pre-1960 buildings must undergo comprehensive X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) testing for lead paint in dwelling units and common areas by an EPA-certified lead inspector.
  • Annual Reporting: Beginning August 2025, you’ll need to provide records of any lead hazard violations and investigations to the Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD) upon request. The threshold for defining lead-based paint has also been lowered to 0.5 mg/cm², from the previous 1.0 mg/cm², as of December 1, 2021.
  • Exemption: HPD encourages owners to apply for an exemption for spaces that test negative or have had lead-based paint surfaces abated.

NYC lead lawFuture Responsibilities

Local Law 123 – Lead Paint Abatement

For units suspected of containing lead paint and housing a child under six:

  • By July 2027, door and window friction surfaces must be abated. Lead paint hazards must be remediated, including making all floors smooth and cleanable.
  • Post-January 1, 2025: Units that are newly occupied by children under six after this date must meet the above mentioned abatement and remediation requirements within three years of move-in.

Tenant Communication

  • Annual Notices: Each year, between January 1 and 16, tenants must be provided with annual notifications in both English and Spanish regarding lead paint hazards. Failure to receive a response from tenants by February 15, necessitates a follow-up investigation by owner between February 16 and March 1 to confirm the required information.
  • Leasing Requirements: Inquire about the presence of children under six during the time of leasing or renewal; certify the completion of required lead-related work; and provide the appropriate occupancy notice regarding lead-based paint hazards.

Compliance and Penalties

Non-compliance with these regulations can result in significant penalties. Be sure to keep thorough records of all compliance activities. Resources are available to assist you, including sample forms for annual notice delivery, investigation compliance, and more.

Navigating New York City’s lead laws is vital for property owners, not just for legal compliance, but for the health and safety of tenants. By adhering to these guidelines, conducting necessary testing and remediation, and communicating effectively with tenants, property owners can create safer living environments and avoid potential penalties. Stay informed and proactive to protect your investment.

If you need lead testing contact RTK Environmental at 800.392.6468.

For your convenience, here are links to key documents:

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Healthy Home Lead Mold Mold Testing VOCs

Essential Tips to Sidestep Holiday Hazards

 

‘Tis the season to be jolly but ignoring household hazards could just be sheer folly. So, we’ve compiled some valuable tips to keep you and yours healthy during the holiday season.

 

Live Christmas Trees Can Produce Mold

This is something you’ve probably never thought about. Yet, the festive charm of a live Christmas tree might mask its ability – potential – to aggravate asthma and allergies. That’s because somewhere, hidden in those fragrant green boughs, there may be mold spores and allergens. To keep this problem at bay, keep the tree indoors for a shorter period of time, wear protective clothing while handling it, and consider spraying it with water before bringing it inside and carrying it out for disposal. Be certain to keep it a good distance from the fireplace and keep it well watered to prevent it from drying out. Air purifiers can also help in reducing airborne allergens.

Artificial Trees Can Also Pose Problems

Though you won’t be plagued by needles shed by live trees, artificial Christmas trees can introduce another hazard: toxic lead dust because of how they are manufactured. The older those trees are, the greater the risk that they will release harmful lead dust, which can lead to lead poisoning. When shopping for an artificial tree, opt for those made in the USA and check for labels indicating they are made from safer materials like polyethylene plastic (PE).

Christmas Lights May Have a Lead Problem

It’s common for Christmas lights to contain trace amounts of lead, that are used in making wires more pliable. While this doesn’t mean you should forego the festive glow, it’s wise to wash your hands after handling the lights and to clean the surrounding areas in order to prevent the spread of any lead-containing dust.

Vintage Tableware: Beautiful but with an Ugly Fact

Grandma’s crystal and china might add elegance to your holiday table, but these older pieces often contain lead. Use them cautiously, especially around children and pregnant women. If you do use them don’t leave any food or liquid in them for any extended period of time, the lead will leach into the liquid or food and be absorbed into the blood stream when they are consumed.

Indoor Air Quality and Scented Products Can Pose Risks, Too

The delightful scents of holiday candles and air fresheners come with a downside: they may be releasing volatile organic compounds (VOCs). These can cause health issues ranging from headaches to respiratory problems. Check labels and choose non-toxic scented candles made from natural ingredients; avoid paraffin wax and artificial fragrances.

Heavy Metals Contained in Menorahs

Vintage menorahs, especially those made of brass or ceramic glazed, may contain lead and cadmium. If you’re using a family heirloom, minimize the risk by cleaning it thoroughly each season and washing your hands after handling it.

Dirty Decoration Storage: A Mold Hotspot

Holiday decorations stored in damp conditions can become a breeding ground for mold. Check storage boxes for signs of moisture or mold before bringing them into your living areas. In case of mold, clean the items and consider having your storage areas inspected for water damage.

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Indoor Air Pollution and Its’ Sources

With the arrival of colder weather, when windows and doors remain shut, the risk of indoor air pollution increases. This pollution can come from burning candles, holiday cooking, and chemicals in household products. To counter this, ventilate your home regularly, use natural air fresheners, and choose green cleaning products.

Wood-Burning Fireplaces and Stoves: A Cozy but Polluting Tradition

Warmth and light emanating from wood-burning fireplaces and stoves may be enjoyable, but they also impact indoor air quality and contribute to various health issues. If wood burning is essential, use well-dried wood and consider installing a HEPA filter that will help to filter smaller particulate. Where possible, explore cleaner heating alternatives and create a cozy ambiance with a fireplace video and holiday music instead.

By taking these simple precautions, you can enjoy a festive and healthy holiday season. Remember, your health and safety are paramount. Stay informed, stay safe, and have a wonderful holiday!

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Asbestos Flooding & Water Damage Health Healthy Home Indoor Air Quality & Radon Lead Mold Mold Testing Soil and Water Weitz Advice

Storm Cleanup: After a Storm, Don’t let Mold or Toxins Take up Residence in Your Home

Storm Cleanup: After a Storm, Don’t let Mold or Toxins Take up Residence in Your Home

As massive cleanup efforts and power restoration continue throughout the region after a lightning-fast-moving storm, homeowners should be aware of the potential that flooding and water damage are causing.

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Health Healthy Home

The Greatest Gift You Can Give Your Baby – A Healthy Home

You’ve registered for the best stroller, crib, and car seat available because nothing is too good for keeping your baby safe. While many families are creating their little one’s gift registry by adding clothes, diapers, and essentials for the nursery, there is an even more important way to prepare for your baby’s arrival – a Healthy Baby, Healthy Home Environmental Inspection.

This unique gift option from RTK provides tests for environmental hazards in your home, like toxic mold and poisonous lead dust. Because 80% of homes contain at least one environmental hazard, it is important for pregnant moms and new parents to make sure their home is safe to bring their new baby into.

mold testing dc asthma healthy homeAs parents, we often become fixated on safety – from installing the car seat to measuring the rails on the crib. But we often overlook our home’s indoor environment. Mold, lead, radon, asbestos, and contaminated water or soil affect your vulnerable newborn and can cause a lifetime of health issues – from autism-like symptoms and ADHD to asthma and cancer.

Whether you are looking for a special baby shower gift or adding to your own baby registry, RTK offers an array of packages to suit your family’s individual needs. You can add a Healthy Baby, Healthy Home Inspection to your baby shower registry through MyRegistry.com, or visit us directly at Healthy Baby Healthy  Home .